Ornamental fish industry is the adjustment of agricultural structure, Tongzhou District, developed the new industries, and has become the leading export industry. Ornamental fish breeding water from the development in 1995 to 380 acres to 8,000 acres in 2003, breeding area ranks first in Beijing. 2003, 160 million ornamental fish production, the output value 64 million yuan, mainly carp breeding, the court goldfish, grass goldfish nearly 100 species of three categories, products are sold in North China, Northeast, East, West and other regions, and exported to Japan, Europe and America, Southeast Asia and other countries and regions, direct export 12.2 million, earning 1.85 million U.S. dollars, indirect exports 25 million, earning 20 million yuan.
To meet the Quanqu ornamental fish industries, better for the farmers to provide technical, information, seed, marketing services, to improve farmers to participate in market competition, the formation of domestic and international efforts Gong Chuang Shi Chang, in April 2003 breeding Ye Zai Ou Service Centre with the support of the establishment of the ornamental fish industry associations in Tongzhou District.
Play a leading role science and technology associations to promote the development of the ornamental fish industry
Ornamental Fish Industry Association, Tongzhou District, is an independent legal person status organization. Association was formed a year ago, the region ornamental fish production to industry associations as the carrier, Xin Miao ornamental fish center-based, initially formed the following characteristics: First, association system is sound and strong radiation branch, leading enterprises obvious effect; second, has strong technology force support, extension services system features prominent, established with its own characteristics of mobile service teams; 3 is built more advanced laboratories, seed bases and other facilities support; Fourth, good marketing, selling products not only domestic and exported to Southeast Asia to Europe and America. Largely through the establishment of associations formed by the production base to a virtuous cycle of sales, from the seed to provide technical services and marketing and so on to provide services for the region's members have achieved good results.
(A) improve the association system, play a leading role leading enterprises
A sound system of Tongzhou District Association of Ornamental Fish Industry Association are currently 32 group members, individual members 106. Preparatory conference held in advance, after full deliberation on the basis of many of the committee members voting, the elected Council of the Society ornamental fish industry. Association President, Vice President, Secretary-General, the governing by the ornamental fish industry in the region has a certain reputation, a leading role of leading business executives, members of farming as a large, equipped with the Association Services Division, Market Development Department, Secretariat , Finance Department, fully reflects the reality of this association in decision-making, democratic and scientific.
Beijing to play a leading role leading enterprises Xin Miao ornamental fish breeding center is the industry association's corporate members, is the leading enterprise industry associations. After two years of construction and tentative species of ornamental fish breeding and aquaculture production, export sales functions. The Centre has the perfect incubator facilities, more comprehensive export on storage, packaging workshop, started in 2003 to provide for the ornamental fish species of the region membership and marketing services, ornamental fish breeding Mu Xiaoyi to 2,000 yuan, up nearly million, led farmers to 210, and radiation to the west set, Huoxian, majuqiao, Zhangjiawan, Lucheng other towns on the region's industrial structure adjustment and farmers play a role in promoting prosperity.
Council held irregularly, targeted solution to the problem ornamental fish industry association established under the specific circumstances of the Association in the ornamental fish industry leading enterprise - Beijing Xin Miao ornamental fish breeding center, held a number of Council of ornamental fish for the region development of practical, focuses on seed breeding, export, associations perfect fish disease monitoring system, experiment and demonstration bases in science and technology building and many other issues, and conducted a comprehensive analysis, puts forward some solutions to determine the species from my area introduction of improved varieties, improved diet, improved farming methods, facilities, enhance the technical services, expand the domestic market starting to take common ornamental fish breeding and fish combination of high-end boutique walking on two legs of the measures to enhance the level of culture and breeding efficiency. Combined with ornamental fish production level of the region to identify the region in 2004, ornamental fish breeding ideas to guide the region's ornamental fish production is important.
(B) the strength of strong agricultural science and technology, the new service means
Strong agricultural science and technology strength Ornamental Fish Association, Tongzhou District, the existing technology for ornamental fish 17 scientists, including Bachelor degree or above 5, 12 secondary education, the efforts of staff in science and technology, according to its own production features developed the critical period the fry feed and on storage, packaging technology, in conjunction with the Urban Aquaculture standardized base construction, to draft a "goldfish product quality," Tongzhou District, local standards, and drafted for the use of goldfish culture in Beijing for technical operation, the development of ornamental fish for the Association provided technical support.
Service means the establishment of 10 new ornamental fish is disease monitoring, prevention and treatment of fish diseases with the mobile technology services team, with specialized testing equipment and technical personnel, adhere to long for the farmers to carry out itinerant clinic, Songyisongyao site service. Meanwhile, the strong support of the CST in the urban areas, the establishment of rural distance education site technical training, transfer of new knowledge culture. After its establishment, were a large village in Taiwan, Wu Tang ornamental fish breeding Professional Village, Xin Miao ornamental fish breeding center, ornamental fish breeding center Huoxian held ornamental fish culture and fish disease prevention and control training will be, members of more than 200 people participants.
(C) build a more advanced laboratories, seed breeding bases and other facilities, technical services for the Association to provide material support
In the Municipal Bureau of Agriculture and other departments, the completion of fish detection laboratory and put into operation on ornamental fish culture water environment science and accurate monitoring, a reasonable solution; diagnosis of ornamental fish diseases occur, aggressive treatment, plus big ornamental fish farmers on the region's technology services efforts.
Xin Miao built to ornamental fish breeding center-based seed breeding base, the introduction of improved varieties for breeding breeding, for the majority of farmers with quality seeds and seedlings, ornamental fish to ensure the quality and market demand. The current high standards of ornamental fish into pool of 264 hatched area of 5952 square meters, 540 square meters workshops export-packing, broodstock winter greenhouse two 1,200 square meters, with 5000 group broodstock goldfish, koi reserve broodstock 100 group members in order to provide coordinated 20 million high-quality ornamental fish.
(D) developing domestic and international markets, the formation of brand
Council members play a leading role in business and actively develop domestic and international sales market ornamental fish industry association was first established, the seed that members provide services and sell goods to have any ornamental fish. After its establishment, give full play to Xin Miao ornamental fish breeding center, park facilities Zhangjiawan leading enterprises such as farms and have the marketing ability of Taiwan Tang Town, a large village ornamental fish breeding Professional Village, Liyuan Town, a small Mazhuangshan ornamental fish farms, Huoxian Huang factory town contestants goldfish farm shop, the first sun Zhangjiawan Town mattress role of fisheries and other members of the Council for members of the region 10 million ornamental fish sold goods.
Strengthen brand building, held in Tongzhou District, the first ornamental fish competition area ornamental fish industry association set up, on the Tongzhou District of ornamental fish registered the "Xin Miao" trademark in the international market to stamp Tongzhou ornamental fish industry associations and "Xin Miao" brand, increase brand-building efforts. In order to promote ornamental fish boutique farming and expansion of Tongzhou ornamental fish at home and abroad reputation, District ornamental fish industry associations in the September 29, 2003, in the Tongzhou Canal Ecological Park, the Garden of the occasion, held the first ornamental fish contest was a complete success, attracting a large number of tourists to promote our region's fine ornamental fish breeding.
Sum up experience, look to the future, so that the ornamental fish industry in Tongzhou District, to a new level
(A) sum up experiences, identify shortcomings
Tongzhou District Association of the ornamental fish industry has been driven by rapid development, achieved some experience, but the development there are also some problems, mainly: First, agricultural science and technology force is relatively small, limited technical expertise, and capital scientific research relatively less effective docking institutions; second name, unique and high quality varieties of small, farming, packaging technology needs to be improved; Third, access to and dissemination of information channels less method is more backward; Fourth, scientific and cultural quality of the low level of farmers, of new knowledge and new technology have little understanding, acceptance and processing.
(B) Looking ahead to Tongzhou District, ornamental fish industry to a new level
To actively cooperate with the Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission work, from Tongzhou District, the reality of ornamental fish production, to address the association focus on existing problems, combined with "221" Plan of Action and the "springs action - Tongzhou project" Implementation, Implementation and Beijing of "rural science and technology service port" Docking, to resolve the links from production to sale of the existing problems.
Enhance scientific and technological strength, despite the introduction of scientific and technological achievements Society is a certain scientific and technological strength, but to meet the needs of the future development of ornamental fish, through the "Rural Technology Services in Hong Kong," the introduction of talents, realize the capital and the well-known professional institutions link ornamental fish, the formation of scientific research services in Hong Kong → Rural → → ornamental fish farmers association effective channel, together with experts to improve the existing level of professional and technical staff expertise to improve the conversion rate of scientific and technological achievements.
The introduction of famous, special, superior varieties and related farming, disease control, export packaging and on storage technologies such as Research Association will be on the basis of investigation, according to market demand, using "technology services in rural areas in Hong Kong" intermediary role, to increase the introduction of name, unique and high quality varieties of efforts, the introduction of our region there is no fish of valuable species, and scientific research units, to develop our unique ornamental fish species, alteration of existing valuable species and carry out cross breeding, cultivation of high quality ornamental fish species; Meanwhile, combine the characteristics of local culture to carry out the relevant feeding technique, feed development, fish disease control, export packaging and research on storage technologies.
Enhance information technology development, broaden the information exchange channels keeps watch fish Chanye to a new level, ornamental fish Xiehuijihua established ornamental fish integrated information service platform, and the "New Service in Hong Kong" Agricultural Zhuanye technology information platform is linked released collection 各类 information, use of Modern information technology, broadening channels of information exchange, enhance services, to resolve the current technological innovation in agriculture and application of the main organizations - farmer uninformed, channels are not clear, the establishment of an effective delivery vehicle for agricultural science and technology.
Improving farmers to carry out the quality level of training of farmers, improve the quality of the peasants is to solve the "three rural" issue needs. Association of Municipal Science and Technology Commission will respond to the call, with the "Rural Technology Services Hong Kong" do a good job of training farmers in the existing distance education site, based on the establishment of multimedia classrooms, an additional branch in the distance education network terminal equipment, in various forms and multi-level technical training to expand the scope of training, increasing training, so that farmers learn to use computers and to grasp the understanding of various information, making it a farmer's distribution center for learning and access to information to improve the quality of farmers and business level technology and increase their professional skills. The same time, "Hong Kong IT services in rural areas," experts and farmers to establish contact, opening expert advice hotline, narrow the distance between experts and farmers, farmer training program in 2004 400 people.
Science and Technology Commission's strong support in the city, through the "Rural Technology Services in Hong Kong" provides technical, information, support services and so on, through the joint efforts of associations and farmers, and strive to 2008, Tongzhou District, ornamental fish pond area of 1 mu , pond culture area of 10 square meters, the production of ornamental fish 200 million, built along the Beijing-Shenyang, Sixth Ring Road along the ornamental fish industry, tourism zone, the region ornamental fish farmers reached 400, an average of 3,000 acres or more profit, while absorbing all District ornamental fish farmers to join the Association, to improve the degree of organization of employees to form a joint force of expanding the market.;